Risk assessment for open loop geothermal systems, in relation to groundwater chemical composition (Ljubljana pilot area, Slovenia)

Authors

  • Katja Koren
  • Mitja Janža

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5474/geologija.2019.011

Abstract

Shallow geothermal energy is a renewable source of energy that can be used effectively with open loop geothermal systems. Knowledge of hydrogeological conditions is a prerequisite for the successful implementation and operation of such systems. The article describes a risk assessment of open loop geothermal system operation related to the chemical composition of groundwater in the area of the City of Ljubljana. Results of the study show that in the area of the Ljubljansko polje aquifer, the geochemical characteristics of the groundwater do not represent a risk of possible operational problems for an open loop geothermal system. On the contrary, the chemical composition of the groundwater in the Ljubljansko barje aquifer indicates a risk of corrosion and/or the precipitation of minerals, which can lead to diminished efficiency of the geothermal system or even damage that can result in the interruption of operations. In order to avoid operational problems in open loop systems, wells must be a professionally designed and installed, and groundwater geochemical characteristics properly determined. In the latter, it is important to take into account the method of sampling, since the chemical composition of water in the aquifer and in the geothermal system may vary significantly.

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How to Cite

Koren, K., & Janža, M. (2019). Risk assessment for open loop geothermal systems, in relation to groundwater chemical composition (Ljubljana pilot area, Slovenia). Geologija, 62(2), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.5474/geologija.2019.011

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